Diwali is a festival full of celebrations, lights and fun. However, there is a danger that it could lead to an increase in air pollution. The air quality in Delhi, and other states, has dropped to “very poor” levels after the Diwali fireworks. The System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), had previously forecasted that the air quality could decline to “severe” levels by Diwali and that it can get worse.

Poor air quality can be a problem for those with respiratory problems. There are ways to reduce the harmful effects of pollutants. This will help reduce the environmental level of toxic substances.

Air Pollution
 After Diwali, guard your lungs from increased air pollution.

What does air pollution do to your lungs?

Long-term and short-term effects can be caused by exposure to toxic substances. Poor air quality can cause side effects such as chest pain, difficulty breathing and throat irritation. Lung tissue damage, reduced lung function, asthma and increased susceptibility to respiratory infections are all possible side effects. Ambient air pollution causes approximately 3 million premature deaths worldwide. This includes lung cancer, stroke, heart disease, and acute respiratory infections in kids.

What is the AQI’s definition of “hazardous” PM2.5 levels?

Everyone must take precautions when pollution levels are “hazardous” (or higher). People with more severe conditions are more susceptible to PM2.5 exposure. Children, older adults, and people with heart and lung disease (including asthma and chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease-COPD) are most at risk from particle pollution exposure. Research suggests that PM-related health effects may be more dangerous for pregnant women, infants, and those with certain medical conditions like diabetes or obesity.

What can you do for your lungs to protect against the effects of air pollution?

Avoid using firecrackers on Diwali as they can cause lung infection and make people unbreathable. These toxins can cause dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and even coughing. Avoid high levels of pollution and stay at home.

These suggestions may reduce your exposure to PM2.5 in short-term polluting episodes. Fine particles (PM2.5), are the main pollutant in smoke. Here are some things you can do to reduce pollution after Diwali.

1. Verify the air quality

It is impossible to see particles in the air. This is why it is important to regularly check the air quality in your area before you go outside, especially after Diwali, when you may be exposed to smoke. High levels of toxic pollution can lead to dangerous air pollution.

2. Stay indoors

Staying indoors is one of the best ways you can reduce your exposure to harmful air pollution. By staying in a well-ventilated room or building, you can reduce your physical activity. This can reduce the amount of particle pollution that you inhale into your lungs.

Air Pollution
After Diwali, guard your lungs from increased air pollution.

3. Invest in an Air Cleaner 

If you live in an area with high levels of particle pollution, it is worth looking into purchasing an air purifier. Particle-removing air cleaners include high-efficiency electronic filters and mechanical filters. You can find air filtration elsewhere if you don’t have any air cleaners at home. If it has air filtering, this could be your friend’s place.

Make sure you have a separate sleeping area if you don’t have the budget for filters throughout your house. It is a smart choice to have a room that has as few doors and windows as possible (e.g., a bedroom). If the room has windows, keep them closed.

Turn on the central air conditioner system or an air conditioner if you are sure that the air conditioner draws air from outside. If the air conditioner offers fresh-air, keep the intake shut. Make sure the filter is clean enough for indoor airflow.

4. Keep your activity to a minimum.

Avoid doing activities that make you breathe faster or more deeply. This day is ideal for indoor activities like reading or watching TV.

Daily Exercise
After Diwali, guard your lungs from increased air pollution.

You can also take precautions to protect your lungs against air pollution

To reduce the amount of pollution in your home, take extra precautions. Even though air cleaners are effective, they may not be enough. Particle pollution from the outdoors can easily get into your home so make sure you take steps to prevent indoor pollution if there is high PM2 levels. These are other important things to keep in mind:

  • Avoid anything that can burn, such as gas logs, wood fireplaces, and candles.
  • If your vacuum does not have a HEPA filter, keep the environment clean. It can also cause particles to be emitted from your home. Wet mopping can reduce dust.
  • Don’t smoke.
  • When it is hot, be cautious. You should not stay inside if it is too hot or you are considered at-risk.
  • Open the windows to let fresh air in when the air quality is better.

Do you need to wear a dust mask when you go outside?

Dust masks are not enough to protect you. Dust or cloth masks can capture large particles. These masks won’t protect your lungs against PM2.5 particles. Also, scarves and bandanas do not work.

Disposable respirators, such as N95 or P100 respirators, are useful if you have to spend extended periods outside. You must ensure that the respirator is properly worn.


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